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Ge Crystal

Brief Description:

  • single crystal / polycrystal
  • 0.005Ω∽50Ω/cm resistivity
  • ramax0.2um-0.4um surface roughness
  • 99.999%-99.9999% high purity
  • 4.0052 refractive index


Product Detail

Product Tags

Model crystal Structure Resistivity Size Crystal Orientation Unit Price
cz cz cz cz cz cz

“Ge crystal” typically refers to a crystal made from the element germanium (Ge), which is a semiconductor material. Germanium is often used in the field of infrared optics and photonics due to its unique properties.

Here are some key aspects of germanium crystals and their applications:

  1. Infrared Windows and Lenses: Germanium is transparent in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum, particularly in the mid-wave and long-wave infrared ranges. This property makes it suitable for manufacturing windows and lenses used in thermal imaging systems, infrared cameras, and other optical devices that operate in the infrared wavelengths.
  2. Detectors: Germanium is also used as a substrate for making infrared detectors, such as photodiodes and photoconductors. These detectors can convert infrared radiation into an electrical signal, enabling the detection and measurement of infrared light.
  3. Spectroscopy: Germanium crystals are employed in infrared spectroscopy instruments. They can be used as beamsplitters, prisms, and windows to manipulate and analyze infrared light for chemical and material analysis.
  4. Laser Optics: Germanium can be used as an optical material in some infrared lasers, especially those operating in the mid-infrared range. It can be used as a gain medium or as a component in laser cavities.
  5. Space and Astronomy: Germanium crystals are used in infrared telescopes and space-based observatories for studying celestial objects that emit infrared radiation. They help researchers gather valuable information about the universe that is not visible in visible light.

Germanium crystals can be grown using various methods, such as the Czochralski (CZ) method or the Float Zone (FZ) method. These processes involve melting and solidifying germanium in a controlled manner to form single crystals with specific properties.

It’s important to note that while germanium has unique properties for infrared optics, its use is limited by factors such as cost, availability, and its relatively narrow transmission range compared to some other infrared materials like zinc selenide (ZnSe) or zinc sulfide (ZnS). The choice of material depends on the specific application and requirements of the optical system.

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